Опубликован: 06.05.2016 | Доступ: свободный | Студентов: 3139 / 805 | Длительность: 07:09:00
Лекция 11:

Практическая работа по теме "Сравнение времен Past Simple и Past Continuous"

< Лекция 10 || Лекция 11
Аннотация: Практическая работа включает в себя закрепление на практике теории по темам "Past Simple Tense и Past Continuous Tense".

ЦЕЛЬ ПРАКТИЧЕСКОЙ РАБОТЫ: Научить студентов различать времена по группе сказуемого и ключевым словам, подбирать правильные ключевые слова для каждой видовременной группы или подбирать форму глагола по ключевым словам в предложении.

Разберем на практике примеры, которые позволят вам, уважаемые студенты, научиться безошибочно определять группу сказуемого или ключевые слова для видовременных групп Past Simple и Past Continuous.

ЗАДАНИЕ 1: Раскройте скобки, употребив правильную форму глагола.

ПРИМЕР 1: While I (listened / was listening) to the radio, the telephone (rang / was ringing).

В данном примере, прежде всего, нужно распределить происходящие действия по времени. Давайте рассуждать. Я слушал радио, когда прозвенел телефон. Действие я слушал радио – длительное, оно началось, но еще не закончилось. И в тот момент, когда это действие уже происходило, прозвенел телефон (однократное действие в прошлом). Здесь логично следующее согласование времен: я слушал радио – Past Continuous, прозвенел телефон – Past Simple.

Следующие примеры ЗАДАНИЯ 1 сделайте самостоятельно. Рассуждайте в каждом примере. Подумайте, если ваши рассуждения не сойдутся с ответами.

ПРИМЕР 2: He (broke / was breaking) his leg when he (skied / was skiing) in the Alps.

ПРИМЕР 3: They (listened / were listening) to the orchestra when the pianist (became / was becoming) ill.

ПРИМЕР 4: Ann (played / was playing) the piano while Tom (painted / was painting) a picture.

ПРИМЕР 5: We (saw / were seeing) an accident while we (waited / were waiting) for the bus.

ПРИМЕР 6: She (worked / was working) quietly at her desk when suddenly the door (opened / was opening) and her daughter (ran / was running) in.

ПРИМЕР 7: While she (prepared / was preparing) lunch, she (cut / was cutting) her finger.

ПРИМЕР 8: We (met / were meeting) while we (lived / were living) in Italy.

ПРИМЕР 9: Which countries (did they visit / were they visiting) while they (travelled / were travelling) round the world?

ПРИМЕР 10: (Did you work / Were you working) in the garden when I (came / was coming) home?

ПРИМЕР 11: A strange man (walked / was walking) into the room. He (wore / was wearing) red trousers and a pink shirt.

ПРИМЕР 12: (Didn’t you meet / Weren’t you meeting) your wife while you (worked / were working) in France?

ПРИМЕР 13: I (saw / was seeing) you in the park yesterday. You (sat / were sitting) on a bench.

ПРИМЕР 14: They (lived / were living) in Canada when they (met / were meeting) each other.

ПРИМЕР 15: While I (listened / was listening) to music, my brother (did / was doing) his homework.

ПРИМЕР 16: What (did you write / were you writing) when your computer (crashed / was crashing)?

ПРИМЕР 17: Why (didn’t they visit / weren’t they visiting) me while they stayed / were staying) n London?

ПРИМЕР 18: Jack (drove / was driving) home from work when he (saw / was seeing) the accident.

ПРИМЕР 19: Tom (arrived / was arriving) while the children (had / were having) their bath.

ЗАДАНИЕ 2: Раскройте скобки, употребив глагол в Past Continuous или Past Simple.

ПРИМЕР 1: 'What you (do) when the telephone (ring)?' 'I (watch) television.'

Смотреть телевизор персонаж начал раньше, чем зазвонил телефон, поэтому ответом будет: 'What were you doing when the telephone rang?' 'I was watching television.'

Остальные примеры ЗАДАНИЯ 2 сделайте по образцу выше. Сравните ваши рассуждения с ответами.

ПРИМЕР 2: 'Was Jane busy when you came to see her?' 'Yes, she (study).'

Ответ: 'Was Jane busy when you came to see her?' 'Yes, she was studying.'

ПРИМЕР 3: 'What time Tom (come) yesterday?' 'He (come) while I (have) breakfast.'

Ответ: 'What time did Tom come yesterday?' 'He came while I was having breakfast.'

ПРИМЕР 4: 'Was Mary at school last week?' 'No, she (not go) to school. She was ill.'

Ответ: 'Was Mary at school last week?' 'No, she didn’t go to school. She was ill.'

ПРИМЕР 5: 'How fast you (drive) when the police (stop) you?' 'I don’t know exactly but I (not drive) very fast.'

Ответ: 'How fast were you driving when the police stopped you?' 'I don’t know exactly but I wasn’t driving very fast.'

ПРИМЕР 6: 'Your team (win) the football match yesterday?' 'No, the weather was very bad, so we (not play).'

Ответ: 'Did your team win the football match yesterday?' 'No, the weather was very bad, so did we not play.'

ПРИМЕР 7: 'How you (break) the window?' 'We (play) football and the ball (hit) the window.'

Ответ: 'How did you break the window?' 'We were playing football and the ball hit the window.'

ПРИМЕР 8: 'You (see) Jenny last night?' 'Yes, she (wear) a very nice jacket.'

Ответ: 'Did you see Jenny last night?' 'Yes, she was wearing a very nice jacket.'

ПРИМЕР 9: 'What you (do) at 10 o’clock on Sunday?' 'I still (sleep).'

Ответ: 'What were you doing at 10 o’clock on Sunday?' 'I was still sleeping.'

ПРИМЕР 10: 'I (lose) my key last night.' 'How you (get) into your room then?'

Ответ: 'I lost my key last night.' 'How did you get into your room then?'

ЗАДАНИЕ 3: Прочитайте текст и вставьте глаголы в Past Simple или в Past Continuous. Сравните ваши рассуждения с ответами ниже.

Ответ: Yesterday I got up at 7 a.m. That morning, I walked to work. I didn’t want to go by bus because the sun was shining brightly and the birds were singing merrily. While I was walking past the supermarket, I saw something strange. A man passed me and he was singing a football song very loudly, on his own! He continued for a few minutes. Then he met a friend and stopped singing. I turned round the corner and saw a friend of mine. He was standing at a bus stop and (was) waiting for a bus. He told me that we were late. At that moment a bus came and we got on.

ЗАДАНИЕ 4: Раскройте скобки и поставьте глагол в правильную форму.

ПРИМЕР 1: Maria called (однократное действие) me as soon as she got (однократное действие) the good news.

ПРИМЕР 2: Last night at about nine o’clock we were watching (продолжительное действие, по времени началось раньше) TV when someone knocked (однократное действие) at the door.

ПРИМЕР 3: During the study period in class yesterday, it was hard for me to concentrate (was hard to concentrate – группа сказуемого, to be выступает как глагол-связка с наречием в составном глагольном сказуемом, to concentrate необходимо употребить в инфинитиве) because the student next to me was humming (продолжительное действие).

ПРИМЕР 4: When Harry met (однократное действие) Jenny, he immediately fell (однократное действие) in love with her.

ПРИМЕР 5: Jack was rushing (продолжительное действие, по времени началось раньше) to catch the bus when I saw (однократное действие) him.

ПРИМЕР 6: Last Saturday while Sandy was cleaning (продолжительное действие, по времени началось раньше) out the attic, she found (однократное действие) her grandmother's wedding dress.

Остальные примеры разберите аналогично и сравните со своими рассуждениями.

ПРИМЕР 7: It started to rain while I was driving to work this morning. I didn’t have an umbrella with me. I got very wet when I stepped out of my car.

ПРИМЕР 8: When we looked outside during the storm, we saw that the wind was blowing very hard, and the trees were bending over the wind.

ПРИМЕР 9: When the teacher came into the room, most of the children were playing together nicely. But over in the corner, Bobby was pulling Annie’s hair. The teacher quickly ran over and pulled Bobby away from Annie.

ЗАДАНИЕ 5: Определите очередность действий, происходящих в предложении. Отметьте действие, начавшееся первым, цифрой 1, второе – цифрой 2.

ПРИМЕР 1: When the alarm clock rang, I was sleeping.

2 The alarm clock rang.

1 I was sleeping.

ПРИМЕР 2: When I saw Dr. Jarvis yesterday evening, he was waving at me.

2 I saw Dr. Jarvis yesterday evening.

1 He was waving at me.

ПРИМЕР 3: When I saw Dr. Jarvis yesterday evening, he waved at me.

1 I saw Dr. Jarvis yesterday evening.

2 He waved at me.

ПРИМЕР 4: I closed the windows when it was raining.

2 I closed the windows.

1 It was raining.

ПРИМЕР 5: I was closing the windows when it began to rain.

1 I was closing the windows.

2 It began to rain.

ПРИМЕР 6: The server brought the check when we were eating our desserts.

2 The server brought the check.

1 We were eating our desserts.

ПРИМЕР 7: When the doorbell rang, Sam went to the door. 'Who is it?' he asked.

1 The doorbell rang.

2 Sam went to the door.

ПРИМЕР 8: Sam was going to the door when the doorbell rang. 'I am coming, Bob,' he said. 'I saw you walking up the sidewalk.'

2 The doorbell rang.

1 Sam was already going to the door.

< Лекция 10 || Лекция 11
Асмик Гаряка
Асмик Гаряка

В тесте 1 100% правильные ответы не засчитываются. Cut send speak - это точно НЕПРАВИЛЬНЫЕ глаголы. Проверьте также вопрос 3.

Зухра Халиулина
Зухра Халиулина

Добрый день!

Если я не пройду тест, то я вылетаю с курсов,

и не смогу дальше учиться?

Спасибо!

Елена Игнатко
Елена Игнатко
Россия, Москва
Мария Акуленко
Мария Акуленко